and secondary schools: This is equivalent to 10+2
education in India. Certification at the end of schooling is by
continous assessment within the schools or by a combination of
internal assessment and public examinations.These procedures form
the basis for qualification for entry to universities or other
Studies: Foundation studies give international students
the knowledge and skills for a smooth transition from learning in
their home country to undergraduate studies in Australian
universities. Foundation Studies are usually one year in duration
and students are assessed and examined by their lecturers.
Foundation studies are divided into various streams like arts and
science studies. The common feature of foundation studies is that
a university allocates a provisional place in an undergraduate
course for a student who achieves the prescribed grades.
Language Schools (ELICOS): These are specifically for
people who come to Australia to study English either for
educational purposes or for other reasons. The Australian system
of English language training is known as English Language
Intensive Courses for Overseas Students (ELICOS). There are a
range of courses including General English; English for Special
Purposes; Vacation Courses; and Examination Preparation. The
starting dates of courses are fairly frequent and they generally
run from 4 to 10 weeks. Many universities and TAFE institutes have
ELICOS centres attached to their campuses.
Education and Training Institutes: Vocational education
and training (VET) gives students practical skills for their
The VET sector is divided into two sections: a nationally
recognised government system of Technical and Further Education (TAFE);
and private providers. TAFE is the largest provider of tertiary
education courses in Australia with about 250 institutes and over
a million students including about 41,000 international students.
The awards in VET sector are: certificates, advanced certificates,
associate diplomas, diplomas. Studying at TAFE level is also a way
of gaining entry - termed a pathway - to Australia's universities.
Most TAFE institutes have arrangements with specific universities,
enabling students to gain credit for a portion of their study
undertaken at TAFE. The VET courses include computing, design,
pilot training, business managemnet, hospitality and tourism and
many other courses.
(higher education):There are 37 public universities and
two private universities in Australia which offer both
undergraduate and postgraduate programs. The most popular courses
of study for international students have been in the fields of
Business, Administration and Economics, followed by Science, then
Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences.
University study can lead to the following awards: Undergraduate -
Bachelor Degrees, Bachelor Degrees (with Honours), Undergraduate
Diplomas, Associate Diplomas; Postgraduate - Doctoral Degrees,
Masters Degrees, Graduate Diplomas, Graduate Certificates.